GRASSES

Warm Season Perennial Grasses

Gaucho Bermudagrass

Gaucho is a customized forage bermudagrass blend bred for higher dry matter yields, early spring green-up, cold tolerance, and superior quality. The components are improved varieties exhibiting a range in growth habits from fully erect hay types to prostrate grazing types. This diversity facilitates establishment, enhances persistence, and naturally reduces the opportunity for warm season weed invasion. The primary component is CD 90160, Recommended seeding rate: 8-12 lbs/A.

Gaucho Bermudagrass Tech Sheet

Pensacola Bahiagrass

Bahiagrass is a warm-season perennial grass. Pensacola is the most widely grown variety in the US. It has longer and narrower leaves, taller stalks, and is earlier maturing and more winter hardy. A very fast-establishing variety. Growth begins in early spring and continues until midsummer when the seedheads mature. Late summer growth is slow and low quality. Recommended seeding rate: 12-20 lb/A.

Pensacola Bahiagrass Tech Sheet

Cool Season Perennial Grasses

Brome

Brome grasses or the Genus Bromusis a large family that comprises over 60 different species. It is a cool season grass that is found in Europe, Africa, Australia and North America. It is primarily used as forage and in some areas as erosion control. Some brome grasses can be used alone or in mixes with other grasses and legumes. At Southeast AgriSeeds we carry four different types of brome and they are all quite different from each other in their use and areas of adaptation. Brome grasses have larger seed size than other grasses so attention to drill calibration is important.

Matua Prairie Brome

A native grass in South America that does not have a rhizome root system. It is a short lived perennial that works well in southern grazing systems. Allowing Matua to re-seed itself will help stand longevity. It is highly palatable to cattle and holds its palatability through maturity. Because it is susceptible to head smut Matua Prairie Brome is usually sold treated with a fungicide. Recommended seeding rate: 25-35 lbs/A.

Matua Prairie Brome Tech Sheet

Persister Prairie Brome

Persister is a problem solver for producers who are in climates with moderate dry seasons or supplemental irrigation. Its production out-yields
other cool season grass species hands down. Persister’s significantly improved cold tolerance is quite unique. Traditional varieties of Prairie Brome can be successfully used as short-lived perennials in US hardiness zones 6-9. Persister can be taken one zone farther north (zone 5). This greatly increases its potential market area and puts it another foot ahead of the competition for persistence.
Recommended seeding rate: 25 to 35lbs/A.

Persister Prairie Brome Tech Sheet

Festulolium

“I had Fojtan Festulolium in small North Carolina grass plots (3′ x 10′) that were seeded in February of 2011. We are now going into our third year, and grazing instead of mowing. As of this fall (2012), the Fojtan was doing quite well, rivaling all of the fescue plots there for stand thickness, including Drover, Cajun, Kora, Baroptima and STF 43 and others. The Fojtan had a narrower, slightly darker green leaf than the fescues, and had a softer texture than most of them.”

-Tracy Neff, King’s AgriSeeds Agronomist

Festuloliums are crosses between ryegrass and fescue. The fescue can either be a meadow fescue or a tall fescue. The differences between varieties can be very dramatic. They range from short lived to perennial.They also range in their agronomic traits from ryegrass-like to tall fescue-like.  Another caution with festulolium varieties is aftermath heading (summer headiness). Many varieties exhibit a long summer heading period. Our varieties are new releases with a breeding emphasis on high sugars and reduced summer heading. They look and taste like ryegrass but take the summer heat and harsh winters better (from a breeding program in Czech Republic). Like ryegrass, they are best for silage and grazing.

Seed at 30 to 40 lbs/acre for a pure stand.

Fojtan

DLF

A new long lived festulolium that tolerates heat and drought well. Fojtan is a fescue type with great nutrition.

Fojtan Tech Sheet

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Kentucky Bluegrass

Kentucky bluegrass is a shorter height sod forming grass that makes a nice smooth looking pasture. Bluegrass spreads by rhizomes and can survive very short grazing. The majority of its forage production is in the spring and fall with its yields usually being relatively low compared to most other pasture species. Its persistence is excellent, but establishment is slow. Bluegrass seed is very fine and a little seed goes a long way.

Balin Kentucky Bluegrass

Balin is a fast establishing, taller, forage type bluegrass. We will be evaluating Balin further, but have confidence from European data that it works very well in mixtures. Recommended seeding rate: 15 lbs/A.

Balin Tech Sheet

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Orchardgrass

Orchardgrass is an old reliable standby in many parts of the U.S. It is more heat and drought tolerant than most cool season grasses, and thus produces more feed during the summer. Some of the older varieties, such as Potomac and Pennlate, have given orchardgrass a bad reputation for getting diseased in late summer, being clumpy, heading out too early in spring, and not being palatable. Our varieties are far more palatable than most of the older varieties, and also later heading!

When harvesting orchardgrass (grazing or mowing), be sure to leave at least a 3 or 4 inch stubble or it will not persist for more than a few years. Orchardgrass cannot be grazed as hard and often as ryegrass.

Our orchardgrass varieties are not the old clumpy type. Orchardgrass will do well in areas with less than ideal fertility and moisture, but is not adapted for very wet areas. Orchardgrass is easy to dry and fairly drought tolerant, but does not like wet soils. When cutting leave 3 to 4” of stubble height, to increase productivity and stand life.

Seed at 20 lb/A for pure stands to as little as 3 lb/A with high legume mixtures.

Endurance

ENDURANCE is a new orchardgrass variety that is capable of very high dry matter yields with good digestibility. It is able to withstand cold winter temperatures and shows a strong resistance to disease. Endurance exhibits an erect, open bunch type sod, making it more compatible (less competitive) with adapted legumes (alfalfa, clover, birdsfoot trefoil) than tall fescue. ENDURANCE provides very high first cut yields and it will perform well in mixtures with other grasses and legumes, making it a very desirable item for custom blends.

Endurance Orchardgrass Tech Sheet

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Olathe

A new early orchardgrass by DLF that is very high yielding, has high disease tolerance, and handles heat and stress well. Ideal for producers in the intense southern climates that are looking for a high energy option that jumps out early in the spring and yields big.

Olathe Orchardgrass Tech Sheet

Persist

A southern orchardgrass bred by University of Tennessee for persistence under both hot humid conditions and under abusive grazing management. Persist does what its name implies, but it is also a very high yielding variety. Its maturity is similar to Pennlate and is not recommended for seeding with alfalfa. Its quality is similar to other US bred orchardgrasses, but not as high as our other varieties.

Persist Orchardgrass Tech Sheet

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Reed Canarygrass

Reed canarygrass is slow to establish. Once established it is very productive in a wide range of conditions, including very wet soils to very droughty soils and low pH’s. It is suitable for silage, hay and grazing, but requires high management to get high quality. It goes from high quality to low quality faster than most other species. We carry low alkaloid varieties.

King's Reed Canarygrass Blend

Reed canarygrass is slow to establish. Once established it is very productive in a wide range of conditions, including very wet soils to very droughty soils and low pH’s. It is suitable for silage, hay and grazing, but requires high management to get high quality. It goes from high quality to low quality faster than most other species. We carry low alkaloid varieties.

Reed Canarygrass Tech Sheet

Tall Fescue

Tall fescue is a very adaptable grass that can grow in wet or dry conditions as well as low or high fertility. It will tolerate more abuse (hoof and wheel traffic) than other grasses, thus it’s good for sacrifice lots, waterways, and outdoor wintering and winter stockpiling. Older varieties have given tall fescue a bad name. Many of the older varieties have very low palatability and some are infected with a toxic endophyte.

Tall fescue deserves more recognition as a hay/haylage crop; especially by large operations. It can utilize a lot of manure and tolerates heavy manure-truck traffic very well. A good tall fescue variety will out-yield orchardgrass by about a ton/acre/year over a five year period (i.e. New York study). In a feeding trial conducted by Dr. Cherney at Cornell, tall fescue haylage produced more milk per cow than orchardgrass or alfalfa haylage. 3 to 4 inch grazing height increases the longevity of tall fescue.

Seed at 35 to 40 lbs/acre for a pure stand.

Baroptima Plus E34

Barenbrug

This tall fescue has been in our grazing plots several years and we are impressed with its palatability and summer performance. BarOptima is the grass variety and E34 is a beneficial endophyte that improves the agronomics of the grass, but does not trigger the negative health effects of the harmful endophyte that is typically found in Kentucky 31 and many other older tall fescues. This product is ideal for long term grazing and hay swards south of Pennsylvania.

BarOptima Tall Fescue Tech Sheet

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Cajun II

A high yielding, early heading endophyte free tall fescue that starts growing early in the spring and grows later into the fall. Excellent for stockpiling for fall grazing. Adapted to both southern and northern climates.

Cajun II Tech Sheet

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Martin II Protek

Martin II is an early-medium maturity, novel-endophyte tall fescue with high palatability, suitable for baleage, dry hay, grazing and stockpiling. Protek™ is a novel endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum) that does not produce detectable levels of harmful ergot alkaloids such as the toxin ergovaline. Protek™ endophyte inoculated plants have shown improved tolerance to environmental stresses such as heat and drought.

Martin 2 Tall Fescue Tech Sheet

Tower Protek

A late maturing, novel endophyte, soft leaf variety. Tower is a soft and palatable grass, that animals prefer to eat over ryegrass at trial sites. This makes it easy to manage and results in excellent animal performance in beef cattle, lambs, and dairy cows. It is easier than older fescues to maintain leafy and high quality pasture in late spring and summer due to the very late heading date (up to 28 days later) and palatable leaf.

Tower Tall Fescue Tech Sheet

Timothy

Timothy is a very palatable grass and is well adapted to heavy soils. Timothy usually has huge production in spring, but it drops off in summer and fall. Slow in fall and very early spring. Seed shallow; no deeper than 1/4” in a firm seedbed. Recommended seeding rate: 10-15 lbs/A.

Cutting timothy (2)

Zenyatta

A new, high-yielding, early timothy with superior palatability and winter hardiness.

Zenyatta Timothy Tech Sheet

Turf

SE Ag Turf Blend

SE Ag Turf Blend’s winning trio of three turf-type tall fescues includes three proven varieties selected for high quality, disease resistance, deep green color, and a uniform, healthy stand. Recommended seeding rate: 300-400 lb/A.

SE Ag Turf Blend

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